On Mean-Optimal Robust Linear Discriminant Analysis

Xiangyu Li, Hua Wang

ICDM - 2022

Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) is widely used for dimensionality reduction under supervised learning settings. Traditional LDA objective aims to minimize the ratio of squared Euclidean distances that may not perform optimally on noisy data sets. Multiple robust LDA objectives have been proposed to address this problem, but their implementations have two major limitations. One is that their mean calculations use the squared ℓ2-norm distance to center the data, which is not valid when the objective does not use the Euclidean distance. The second problem is that there is no generalized optimization algorithm to solve different robust LDA objectives. In addition, most existing algorithms can only guarantee the solution to be locally optimal, rather than globally optimal. In this paper, we review multiple robust loss functions and propose a new and generalized robust objective for LDA. Besides, to better remove the mean value within data, our objective uses an optimal way to center the data through learning. As one important algorithmic contribution, we derive an efficient iterative algorithm to optimize the resulting non-smooth and non-convex objective function. We theoretically prove that our solution algorithm guarantees that both the objective and the solution sequences converge to globally optimal solutions at a sub-linear convergence rate. The experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of our new method, achieving significant improvements compared to the other competing methods.